His Excellency Ambassador Gary Doer, Embassy of Canada

Overview

On Monday, May 24, 2010, The George Washington University Homeland Security Policy Institute (HSPI) welcomed Canadian Ambassador Gary Doer as part of HSPI’s ongoing Ambassadors Roundtable Series on International Collaboration to Combat Terrorism and Insurgencies. Frank Cilluffo, HSPI’s Director, moderated the discussion.

Ambassador Doer began his remarks by noting the extremely close relationship enjoyed by the United States and Canada. Doer highlighted the fact that when it comes to the US, Canada buys more goods, sends more tourists, and supplies more oil than any other nation. In the realm of security, the Ambassador noted that the two nations work particularly closely to coordinate and, where appropriate, even harmonize their policies. As an example, Doer pointed to the recent Winter Olympics in Vancouver. “It was a classic example of cooperation between the intelligence agencies and police agencies of the United States and of Canada – and of course a lot of that was run out of NORAD [North American Aerospace Defense Command] in Colorado Springs.”

Mr. Cilluffo opened the roundtable discussion by asking about aviation security and whether the longstanding relationship between American and Canadian law enforcement and intelligence services ought to be extended even further. “Should passenger name records, airline passenger lists, and no-fly lists be synchronized? Would you support sharing such watch-list information among the US, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and Great Britain?” Ambassador Doer noted that aviation security and intelligence had been discussed at the highest levels of both governments – long before the Christmas Day attempted bombing of Detroit flight 253. Doer said that agreements in principle had been reached, but that protocols for operationalization had yet to be worked out. He stressed, however, Canada’s commitment to sharing counterterrorism information with the United States.

During the roundtable discussion, audience members raised a range of questions. Randall Larsen, of the WMD Center, asked about balancing the requirements of border security with those of commerce. The Ambassador responded by noting that Canada was prepared to expand border infrastructure in order to reduce congestion. When John Hooper, of the US Coast Guard, inquired about Arctic security, Doer mentioned that this summer the US and Canada will conduct joint naval exercises in the Arctic. Sharinna Sarmiento, of Dice International, posed questions about environmental policies. Doer replied by highlighting Canada’s commitment to clean air, clean water, and renewable energy – and the fact that Canada is a reliable, democratic, and secure supplier of energy to the US. Asked by Hillary Johnson, of the US State Department, about Canada’s security concerns, Doer spoke at length about Canada’s security work in Afghanistan. The Ambassador also referenced Canada’s commitment to working with the US and the international community in regard to Iran; and cited Canada’s role in the investigation and reports regarding North Korea’s sinking of a South Korean warship.

Speaker Biography

His Excellency Ambassador Gary Doer, Embassy of Canada

In October, 2009, Gary Doer assumed his responsibilities as Canada’s 23rd representative to the United States of America.

Prior to taking up his current position in Washington, Ambassador Doer served as Premier of Manitoba for ten years. During that time, he worked extensively with U.S. Governors to enhance Canada-U.S. cooperation on trade, agriculture, water protection, climate change and renewable energy.

Ambassador Doer won three consecutive elections as Premier of Manitoba with successive increased majorities. In 2005, he was named by Business Week magazine as one of the top 20 international leaders on climate change. His government introduced balanced budgets during each of his ten years in office while reducing many taxes, including a plan to eliminate small business tax. As Premier, he led strategic investments in health care, education, and training and infrastructure.


Resources

Canadian Society & Counter-Radicalization

Aulakh, Raveena (2010) Sikh separatism: Still alive and festering in Canada. Toronto: The Star

Bell, Stewart (2010) Somalia repression ‘grinding.’ Toronto: National Post

Bramadat, Paul & Scot Wortley (2008) Religious Youth Radicalization in Canada. Power Point Presentation. Prepared for The Department of Canadian Heritage, Multiculturalism and Human Rights Branch

Canada in 2020 Project Team (2009) Canada in 2020: Indentity Politics and Security - Future Scenarios. Ottawa: University of Ottawa

Canwest News Service (2008) CSIS focused on terrorist radicalization at home. Canada.com

Friesen, Joe and Colin Freeze (2009) Are Somali-Canadians fighting for the shadowy al-Shabab? Toronto: The Globe and Mail

Hutchinson, Brian (2010) Divisions on parade. Toronto: National Post

Privy Council Office (2004) Securing an Open Society: Canada's National Security Policy.

Privy Council Office (2005) Securing an Open Society - One Year Later - Progress Report on the Implementation of Canada's National Security Policy.

RCMP (2009) National Security Community Outreach. Website. Royal Canadian Mounted Police

Serrano, Richard (2010) Teenage militant case at tribunal. Los Angeles; LA Times

Smith, Angus (2009) Radicalization - A Guide for the Perplexed. Website. Royal Canadian Mounted Police

Counterterrorism & Afghanistan

Campion-Smith, Bruce (2010) Dutch Afghan experience a lesson for Harper? Toronto: The Star

Canadian Security Intelligence Service (2009) Pakistan's Security Today and Tomorrow. World Watch: Expert Notes Series. Ottawa: Public Works and Government Services

Canwest News Service (2010) Guilty plea expected in terrorism financing. Ottawa: The Ottawa Citizen

Cox, Jim (2007) Afghanistan: The Canadian Military Mission. Library of Parliament.

Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada (2008) Terrorist Financing. Website

O'Neill, Juliet (2010) 'Possible' that Canada received intel obtained by torture: CSIS official. Montreal: The Gazette

Potter, Mitch (2010) Afghan mission now about supporting local forces. Toronto: The Star

Olympic, G8, and G20 Security

Alcoba, Natalie (2010) G8/G20: Gearing up for the biggest security event in Canadian history. Toronto: National Post

Government of Canada (2010) Muskoka G8 Summit. Website

Government of Canada (2010) Toronto G20 Summit. Website

Stewart, Megan (2009) Canadian Counter Terrorism, the Vancouver 2010 Winter Olympics and the World’s Deadliest Chemical. Vancouver: Vancouver Observer

Yang, Jennifer. (2010) Downtown to become a fortress for G20 summit. Toronto: The Star

Zekulin, Michael (2009) Olympic Security: Assessing the Risk of Terrorism at the 2010 Vancouver Winter Games. Calgary: Journal of Military and Strategic Studies.



Miscellaneous Resources

Auditor General of Canada (2009) Emergency Management - Public Safety Canada. Ottawa; Office of the Auditor General of Canada

Auditor General of Canada (2009) National Security: Intelligence and Information Sharing. Ottawa; Office of the Auditor General of Canada

Canadian Security Intelligence Service (2009) CSIS Annual Public Report. Ottawa: Public Works and Government Services

Deibert, Ron and Rafal Rohozinski (2009) Tracking GhostNet: Investigating a Cyber Espionage Network. Toronto: University of Toronto

Fadden, Richard (2009) Remarks from the Director, Canadian Security Intelligence Service, to the Canadian Association for Security and Intelligence Studies Annual International Conference. Speech. Ottawa


Arctic Security

Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada. (2010) Promoting Canada’s Northern Strategy Internationally. Website

RCMP (2007) Canadian Sovereignty in the Arctic. Royal Canadian Mounted Police



About HSPI's Ambassadors Roundtable Series

HSPI's Ambassadors Roundtable Series is designed to provide Ambassadors to the United States and their key diplomatic staff with a forum to discuss current and future counterterrorism and counterinsurgency efforts on a regional or country-specific basis. In an effort to draw upon various insights and experiences, the Ambassadors Roundtable Series builds upon and institutionalizes efforts over the past few years to engage in a dialogue with members of the international community, policy makers, and practitioners.