Homeland Security: Layered Defense, Ready Response

Consortium for Homeland Defense and Security in America


5th Annual Symposium

November 17-18, 2010

Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, Pennsylvania

Overview

On November 17-18, 2010 the Consortium for Homeland Defense and Security in America held its fifth annual symposium. Hosted this year by the United States Army War College’s Center for Strategic Leadership (CSL), and sponsored by the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Homeland Defense and Americas’ Security Affairs, the forum took place at historic Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, Pennsylvania.

Organized in 2005, and dedicated to a common concern for the domestic security of the United States in the face of manmade and natural disasters, the consortium is composed of CSL, The George Washington University's Homeland Security Policy Institute (HSPI), the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), and The Heritage Foundation.

This year’s event, “Homeland Security: Layered Defense, Ready Response,” examined select challenges across the homeland security continuum -- civil and military, at home and abroad. The day and a half symposium commenced with a dinner address by Dr. Paul Stockton, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Homeland Defense and Americas’ Security Affairs. Four panels, organized and moderated by the coalition members and listed below, were the focus of the second day.

Keynote Address:

Dr. Paul Stockton, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Homeland Defense & Americas' Security Affairs

Followed Cocktail Reception & Dinner; LeTort View Community Club

Panel 1: Unity of Effort in Preparation and Response: Integrating the Intergovernmental Effort

Moderated by:

Bert Tussing, Director, Homeland Defense and Security Issues, CSL, United States Army War College

In an understandable concern over the division of requirements and responsibilities surrounding domestic security, the public and private partnership that must characterize our preparedness, response and recovery capabilities is frequently disjointed. Within the federal interagency effort, and proceeding through essential intergovernmental coordination activities before and after an incident, this discontinuity increases with the severity of the event. From civil-military interaction across federal, state and local efforts, to the coordination of private sector and community response, more must be done to achieve efficacies and efficiencies through unity of effort across the homeland security enterprise. This panel will highlight initiatives and point to new directions that must be taken to prepare our citizenry and respond to their needs in time of severe crises.

Panelists

▪ Christopher Bellavita, Director Academic Programs, Center for Homeland Defense & Security, Naval Postgraduate School

▪ William Carwile, Assistant Administrator for Operations, FEMA

▪ BG (Ret) Mike McDaniels, Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Strategy and Force Planning, OASD-HD&ASA


Panel 2: Whither Maritime Security?

Moderated by Rick Nelson, Senior Fellow and Director, Homeland Security and Counterterrorism Program, Center for Strategic and International Studies

In September 2005, President Bush signed the nation's first ever National Strategy for Maritime Security. The document codified the roles of interagency participants in ensuring the security of the maritime domain. Much progress has been made since the implementation of the strategy and its eight attendant supporting plans, but important challenges remain. As outlined in a recent GAO report, for example, the US government still lacks a comprehensive plan to track small vessels and boats and government officials have encountered resistance when attempting to visit certain foreign ports, as part of the Coast Guard's 2004 International Port Security Program. The Department of Homeland Security and US Customs and Border Protection also have faced difficulties in determining the feasibility of the congressional mandate requiring 100% scanning of US-bound cargo containers, as outlined in the Secure Freight Initiative. This panel will discuss these and other related challenges in maritime security.

Panelists

▪ RADM Tom Atkin, USCG, Former Director of Transborder Issues, National Security Council Staff, The White House

▪ Gary Rasicot, Director, Global Maritime Operational Threat Response



Panel 3: Combating Violent Extremism: International Best Practices and Lessons Learned

Moderated by Frank Cilluffo, Director, Homeland Security Policy Institute, The George Washington University

The rise of violent jihadi extremism within our borders is rapidly becoming an area of primary concern in counterterrorist initiatives in the United States. Comfortable notions of legal immigrant assimilation in the American dream are being upended in headlines for first and second generation residents and citizens of our country being recruited and trained for terrorist activities - at home and abroad. From prisons to meeting houses, in private discourse and across the internet, the message of radicalization is finding an expanded audience within our shores, and the crises we have seen plague our allies across the traditionally stable regions of the developed world are showing signs of entry here. This panel will consider the growing body of work being developed to counter this radicalization, examining best practices and lessons learned in regions and perspectives from across the globe.

Panelists

▪ Arif Alikhan, Former Assistant Secretary for Policy Development, Department of Homeland Security (DHS); DHS Distinguished Visiting Professor, National Defense University

▪ Timothy Curry, Senior Policy Advisor on Counterterrorism, Department of Homeland Security

▪ Brett Lovegrove, FRSA, Former Head of Counterterrorism, City of London Police; Commander of the 7 July 2005 bombing in London; Director, City Security and Resilience Network, Valentis Bridge Ltd, Quadre Resilience Ltd

▪ Nadav Morag, Former Senior Director, National Security Council of Israel; Deputy Director for Policy Research, Center for Homeland Defense & Security, Naval Postgraduate School; Dean, Doctoral Program in Homeland Security, Colorado Tech University



Panel 4: Building a National Preparedness Framework

Moderated by:

Jena Baker McNeill, Policy Analyst, Homeland Security, The Heritage Foundation

Too often, preparedness has not adequately been the focus of national homeland security efforts. It is time to finally build a truly national preparedness framework capable of harnessing the resources and capabilities of federal, state and local authorities, the private sector and private citizens. Having such a framework is the only true way to prevent, protect against, respond to and recover from a disaster. Yet, the Department of Homeland Security has often struggled in its role in preparedness efforts. This panel will discuss the best way to improve capabilities at all levels, while incorporating lessons learned from previous disasters into future planning therefore creating a solid national preparedness framework that will make all Americans better off when disaster strikes.

Panelists

▪ Corey Gruber, Acting Assistant Deputy Administrator National Preparedness, FEMA

▪ Lt. Ron Leavell, Seattle Police Department, Member of Homeland Security Information Network Advisory Committee

▪ Kirstjen Nielsen, Managing Director and General Counsel, Civitas Group, LLC; Former Special Assistant to President Bush for Prevention Preparedness Response; Former Member of the White House Homeland Security Council