Infrastructure Protection Congressional Testimonies Archive

Cyber Threats from China, Russia and Iran: Protecting American Critical Infrastructure (PDF)

March 20, 2013

The cyber threat comes in various shapes, sizes, and forms. The bar to entry is low to launch a relatively rudimentary, but still potentially damaging, cyber-attack. The threat spectrum ranges from nation-states plus their proxies, to foreign terrorist organizations, criminal syndicates and information brokers, to hacktivists, to ankle-biters operating out of their parents’ home.

A Line in the Sand: Assessing Dangerous Threats to Our Nations Borders (PDF)

November 16, 2012

Our borders are now more porous in character than ever. Consider cyberspace, where traditional conceptions of border security simply do not translate. In a domain without traditional physical checkpoints, our adversaries can cloak themselves in anonymity and seek to do us harm, often without tipping off the target or stepping foot into that country.

The Iranian Cyber Threat to the United States (PDF)

April 26, 2012

Iran and proxies have long had the United States in their crosshairs. Up until 9/11, in fact, it was Iran’s chief proxy, Hezbollah, that held the mantle of deadliest terrorist organization, having killed more Americans up to that point than any other terrorist group.

Post Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006 Implementation: An Examination of FEMA's Preparedness and Response Mission (PDF)

March 17, 2009

Preparedness at all levels of government prior to an incident is important because any one broken “link” in the response “chain” imperils the national response system. When the system fails, as it did during Hurricane Katrina, the responsibility of managing the incident falls solely to those near the incident site – usually the first responders.

Preventing Terrorist Attacks on America's Chemical Plants (PDF)

June 15, 2005

We must also not limit ourselves by looking at the chemical industry in isolation—as many of the issues we face in this sector are relevant to protecting critical infrastructure writ large. Homeland security requires a multifaceted strategy to prevent, protect against and respond to 21st century threats.

Combating Terrorism: Developing Effective Strategies Against Terrorism (PDF)

February 03, 2004

We must remember that we do not face a single, geographically anchored enemy but a myriad of threats, smaller in magnitude and harder to see and counter. A successful overall national strategy to combat these ambiguous, amorphous, moving targets must be flexible, comprehensive, and coordinated.

Critical Infrastructure Protection: Who's in Charge? (PDF)

October 04, 2001

Infrastructures have long provided popular terrorist targets: telecommunications, electric power systems, oil and gas, banking and finance, transportation, water supply systems, government services, and emergency services. Destruction or incapacitation of these systems could have a debilitating effect on US national and/or economic security.

Combating Terrorism: Options To Improve The Federal Response (PDF)

April 24, 2001

The United States is now at a crossroads. While credit must be given where it is due, the time has come for cold-eyed assessment and evaluation, and the recognition that we do not presently have - but are in genuine need of - a comprehensive strategy for countering the threat of terrorism and the larger challenges of homeland defense.

Combating Terrorism: In Search of a National Strategy (PDF)

March 27, 2001

When critically evaluating our current state of preparedness, it is important to adopt a balanced viewpoint - that is, a perspective which appreciates both how we far we have come already and just how far we have yet to go.