ISIS in America

From Retweets to Raqqa

The report, ISIS in America: From Retweets to Raqqa consists of two parts. The first examines all cases of U.S. persons arrested, indicted, or convicted in the United States for ISIS-related activities. A wide array of legal documents related to these cases provides empirical evidence for identifying several demographic factors related to the arrested individuals. This section also looks at the cases of other Americans who, while not in the legal system, are known to have engaged in ISIS-inspired behavior.

The second part of the report examines various aspects of the ISIS-related mobilization in America. Here the report analyzes the individual motivations of ISIS supporters; the role of the Internet and, in particular, social media, in their radicalization and recruitment processes; whether their radicalization took place in isolation or with other, like-minded individuals; and the degree of their tangible links to ISIS.  It concludes with recommendations to combat ISIS recruitment.

Full Report 

Media Coverage

Infographics 

The Program on Extremism reviewed more than 7,000 pages of legal documents detailing ISIS-related legal proceedings, including criminal complaints, indictments, affidavits, and courtroom transcripts. Supplemented by original research and interviews with prosecutors, reporters, and, in some select cases, families of the charged individuals, the Program developed a snapshot of the 84 individuals who have been charged for various ISIS-related activities.

Defying any cookie-cutter profile of the American ISIS supporter, these 84 individuals constitute an incredibly heterogeneous group. In fact, they come from an array of ethnic groups and a range of socio-economic and educational statuses. What follows is one of the largest online collections of legal records related to ISIS radicalization and recruitment in the United States.


Abdulkader, Munir
Date charged: 5/22/2015
Status: Pleaded guilty
Complaint
Information
Affidavit
Plea Agreement


Abdurahman, Zacharia Yusuf
Date charged: 4/18/2015
Status: Pleaded guilty
Criminal Complaint
Superseding Indictment

Abood, Bilal
Date charged: 5/13/2015
Status: Pleaded guilty
Criminal Complaint
Indictment
Detention Motion 
Substitute Counsel Motion

Abu-Rayyan, Khalil
Date charged: 2/04/2016
Status: Pending
Criminal Complaint
Motion for Discovery
Motion for Discovery, Exhibit A
Motion for Discovery, Exhibit B
Motion for Discovery, Exhibit C
Motion for Discovery, Exhibit D
Motion for Discovery, Exhibit E
Motion for Discovery, Index of Exhibits
Stipulations Seeking Adjournment


Ahmed, Hamza Naj

Date charged: 4/04/2015
Status: Pleaded guilty
Bad Acts Motion
Bail Proposal
Confession Motion
Count 7 Finance Motion
Criminal Complaint
Declaration
Disclosure Motion
Disclosure of Evidence Motion
Disclosure of Informants Motion
Discovery Motion
Exhibit List
Grand Jury Transcript Motion
Hearsay Motion
Indictment
Jury Questionarie Motion
Jury Selection Motion
Memo in Support of Dismissal
Disclosure of Jencks Act Materials Motion
Rejection Motion
Dismiss Indictment Motion 
Modify Conditions of Release Motion
Retain Notes and Evidence Motion
Sever Defendant Motion
Sever Student Loan Motion
Expert Witness Notice 
Pretrial Motions Notice
Redacted Declaration
Response to Motions for Release
Response to Pretrial Motions
Superseding Indictment
Support of Speedy Trial Exclusion
Vagueness Motion
Vagueness Motion 2
Vagueness Support Memo
Witness Motion
Witness Motion 2
Government's Motion for Inquiry
Order 3.28.16

Al Hardan, Omar Faraj Saeed
Date charged: 1/06/2016
Status: Pleaded not guilty
Indictment

Detention Memo
Order of Detention Pending Trial
Order on Ineptitude

Al-Jayab, Aws Mohammed Younis
Date charged: 1/06/2016
Status: Pleaded not guilty
Criminal Complaint
Indictment (Illinois)
Indictment (California)

Detention Denial
Attorney Appearance Form, Durkin
Attorney Appearance Form, Waters
Designation Sheet
Grand Jury Proceeding 3.17.16
Stipulation and Proposed Order

Alimehmedi, Sajmir
Date charged: 5/23/2016
Status: Pending
Criminal Complaint

Ali-Skelton, Abdul Raheem Habil
Date charged: 3/22/2016

Status: Pending
Criminal Complaint
Indictment

Criminal Complaint (Terroristic Threats)
Information
Motion to Seal
Order Granting Motion to Seal
Application for Writ of Habeas Corpus

Amin, Ali Shukri

Date charged: February/March of 2015
Status: Pleaded guilty
Order Granting Motion to Remove Objectives and Corrections to Presentence Investigation Report
Order to remove file from Pacer
Plea Agreement
Sentencing
Statement of Facts
Supplement in Aid of Sentencing

Archer, Edward
Date charged: 1/09/2016
Status: Pending
Court Summary

Aziz, Jalil ibn Ameer
Date charged: 12/17/2015
Status: Pleaded not guilty
Criminal Complaint
Indictment
Superseding Indictment

Badawi, Muhanad
Date charged: 5/22/2015
Status: Found guilty by trial
Continuance of Trial Data
Criminal Complaint
Memorandum
Stipulation
Order for Examination Regarding Defendant's Mental Competency
Court Schedule
Unsealed Search Warrants Request
Unsealed Search Warrants
Declaration and Claim of Privilege
Government's Unclassified Memo in Opposition to Defendants' Motions

Bhuiya, Mohimanul
Date charged: November 2014
Status: Pleaded guilty
Consent to Have Plea Taken
Criminal Complaint
Information
Letter to Judge Mann, 11/24/2014
Notice of Appearance, 4/10/2015
Notice of Filing of Information
Notice of Guilty Plea
Sealed Order to Close Courtroom
Unseal Document Request Granted
Unseal Document Request
Waiver of Indictment


Blair, Alexander
Date charged: 4/10/2015
Status: Pleaded guilty
Criminal Complaint
Hearing Brief of Detention

Booker, John T.
Date charged: 4/10/2015
Status: Pleaded guilty
Criminal Complaint

Brown, Avin Marsalis
Date charged: 3/20/2014
Status: Pleaded guilty
Criminal Complaint
Judgement

Christian, Dayne Atani
Date charged: 7/22/2016
Status: Pending
Criminal Complaint

Ciccolo, Alexander
Date charged: 7/04/2015
Status: Pleaded not guilty
Criminal Complaint
Detention Memo Exb A
Detention Memo Exb B
Detention Memo Exb C
Detention Memo
Memorandum and Order Regarding Globe's Motion to Intervene and for Reconsideration of Order Allowing Motion to Substitute Exhibit
Discovery 2.17.16
Discovery 3.15.16
Motion to Continue Status Conference
Proposed Order of Excludable Delay
Assented to Motion for Excludable Delay
Superseding Indictment

Coffman, Heather Elizabeth
Date charged: 11/14/2014
Status: Pleaded guilty
Arrest Warrant
Criminal Complaint
Judgement
Position of US on Sentencing
Position of US on Sentencing 2
Request Letter and Response

Conley, Shannon Maureen
Date charged: 4/09/2014
Status: Pleaded guilty
Arrest Warrant
Charges
Courtroom Minutes
Criminal Complaint
Detention Order

Cornell, Christopher Lee
Date charged: 1/14/2015
Status: Pleaded guilty
Criminal Complaint
Indictment
Superseding Indictment

Dakhlalla, Muhammad Oda
Date charged: 8/08/2015
Status: Pleaded guilty
Criminal Complaint
Detention Order
Exhibit List
Indictment
Discovery Request
Trial Notice
Factual Basis
Plea Agreement

Dandach, Adam
Date charged: 7/03/2014
Status: Pleaded guilty
Criminal Complaint
Indictment
Superseding Indictment

Davis, Leon Nathan, III
Date charged: October of 2014
Status: Pleaded guilty
Indictment- Attempt to Provide Material Support
Clerk's Minutes, 7-23-15
Defendent's Notice of Waiver of Detention Hearing
Defense Exhibit and Witness List
Detention Order
Indictment - Possession of Firearm
Judgment in a Criminal Case
Plea Agreement
Sentencing Minutes

Daud, Abdirahman Yasin
Date charged: 4/18/2015
Status: Found guilty by trial
Criminal Complaint
Superseding Indictment
Government's Motion for Inquiry
Order, 3.28.2016

Diaz, Miguel Moran
Date charged: 4/02/2015
Status: Pleaded guilty
Criminal Complaint

Edmonds, Hasan
Date charged: 3/25/2015
Status: Pleaded guilty
Criminal Complaint
Indictment

Edmonds, Jonas
Date charged: 3/25/2015
Status: Pleaded guilty
Criminal Complaint
Indictment

Elfgeeh, Mufid
Date charged: 5/31/2014
Status: Pleaded guilty
Affidavit
Scheduling Order

El Gammal, Ahmed Mohammed
Date charged: 8/20/2015
Status: Pleaded not guilty
Appearance of Counsel
Charges
Criminal Complaint
Detention Order
Exhibit List
Minutes
Withdraw Counsel Motion
Detention Order Pending Trial
Status Hearing
Transfer Order
Waiver of Rules 5 5.1
Letter to Judge Ramos 11.30.15
Letter to Judge Ramos 12.9.15 Exhibit A
Letter to Judge Ramos 12.9.15 Exhibit B
Letter to Judge Ramos 12.9.15
Transcript of Proceedings Detention Hearing

Sealed Complaint
Letter to Judge Ramos, 3.23.16

Elhassan, Mahmoud Amin Mohamed
Date charged: 1/16/2016
Status: Pending
Criminal Complaint
Indictment

Elhuzayel, Nader

Date charged: 5/22/2015
Status: Found guilty by trial
Criminal Complaint
Order for Examination Regarding Defendant's Mental Competency
Court Schedule
Unsealed Search Warrants Request
Unsealed Search Warrants
Declaration and Claim of Privilege
Government's Unclassified Memo in Opposition to Defendants' Motions

Elshinawy, Mohamed
Date charged: 12/11/2015
Status: Pleaded not guilty
Criminal Complaint
Indictment

Farah, Adnan Abdihamid
Date charged: 4/18/2015
Status: Pleaded not guilty
Criminal Complaint
Superseding Indictment
Government's Motion for Inquiry
Order, 3.28.16

Farah, Mohamed Abdihamid
Date charged: 4/18/2015
Status: Found guilty by trial
Criminal Complaint
Superseding Indictment
Government's Motion for Inquiry
Order, 3.28.16

Farrokh, Joseph Hassan
Date charged: 1/16/2016
Status: Pleaded guilty
Criminal Complaint
Statement of facts
Plea Agreement
Courtroom Minutes 1.19.16

Franey, Daniel
Date charged: 2/05/2016
Status: Pleaded guilty
Criminal Complaint
Continuance 3.25.16

Habibov, Abror
Date charged: 2/24/2015
Status: Pleaded not guilty
Complaint - Affidavit
Superseding Indictment
Discovery, 3.16.16

Harcevic, Armin
Date charged: 2/05/2015
Status: Pleaded not guilty
Courtroom Minutes
Indictment
Modify Conditions of Release Motion
Government's Disclosure of Arguably Suppressible Evidence
Government's Response in Opposition to Defendants' Motions to Dismiss
Harcevic's Reply to Government's Response to Motion to Dismiss Counts I and III of Indictment
Order Following Status Conference
Motion to Dismiss


Hassan, Mohamed Abdullahi
Date charged: 8/5/2010
Status: Allegedly in custody in East Africa
Superseding Indictment

Hernandez, Alex
Date charged: 5/20/2016
Status: Pending
Criminal Complaint

Hodzic, Ramiz Zijad
Date charged: 2/05/2015
Status: Pleaded not guilty
Indictment
Minutes
Detention Motion
Response to Modifications of Conditions of Release
Attorney Letter 11.19.15
Defendant's Memorandum in Support of Motion to Dismiss Indictment
Government's Disclosure of Arguably Suppressible Evidence
Government's Response in Opposition to Defendants' Motions to Dismiss
Harcevic's Reply to Government's Response to Motion to Dismiss Counts I and III of Indictment
Motion to Dismiss
Order Following Status Conference
Conditions of Release Schedule

Hodzic, Sedina Unkic
Date charged: 2/05/2015
Status: Pleaded not guilty
Indictment
Minutes
Defendant's Memorandum of Law in Support of Motion to Dismiss
Government's Disclosure of Arguably Suppressible Evidence
Government's Response in Opposition to Defendants' Motions to Dismiss
Harcevic's Reply to Government's Response to Motion to Dismiss Counts I and III of Indictment
Motion to Dismiss
Order Following Status Conference 

Conditions of Release Schedule

Hubbard, Gregory
Date charged: 7/22/2016
Status: Pending
Complaint

Ismail, Yusra
Date charged: 12/02/2014
Status: At large
Criminal Complaint

Jackson, Darren Arness
Date charged: 7/22/2016
Status: Pending
Criminal Complaint

Jackson, Robert Blake
Date charged: 7/28/2016
Status: Pending
Criminal Complaint

Jalloh, Mohamed Bailor
Date charged: 7/03/2016
Status: Pending
Criminal Complaint
Affidavit in Support of Criminal Complaint

Jordan, Akba Jihad
Date charged: 3/20/2014
Status: Pleaded guilty
Criminal Complaint - Affidavit
Judgement

Juraboev, Abdurasul Hasanovich
Date charged: 2/24/2015
Status: Pleaded guilty
Complaint - Affidavit
Superseding Indictment
Discovery, 3.16.16

Kareem, Abdul Malik Abdul
Date charged: 6/10/2015
Status: Found guilty by trial
Arrest Warrant
DOJ Conflict Memo
Indictment
Joinder of Motion of Extension
Exhibit List Defendant
Exhibit List Government
First Superseding Indictment
Notice of Filing of Preliminary Witness and Exhibit Lists, Criminal Exhibit List
Notice of Filing of Preliminary Witness and Exhibit Lists, Criminal Witness List
Notice of Filing of Preliminary Witness and Exhibit Lists
Open Court Proceedings 12.29.15
Order 2
Order Deny
Second Superseding Indictment
Witness List Defendant
Witness List Government
Criminal Trial Minutes 3.02.16
Criminal Trial Minutes 3.03.16
Criminal Trial Minutes 3.04.16
Defendant's Motion for Aquittal

Kasimov, Dilkhayot
Date charged: 4/06/2015
Status: Pleaded not guilty
Superseding Indictment
Discovery 3.16.16

Khan, Asher Abid
Date charged: 5/25/2015
Status: Pleaded not guilty
Courtroom Minutes
Criminal Complaint
Dentention Hearing Transcript
Unseal Documents Motion 
Continuing Trial Order
Unseal Order
Pretrial Conference Transcript Order
Pretrial Release Order Denial Version 1
Pretrial Release Order Denial Version 2
Recording Notice
Transcript of In-Chambers Conference
Superseding Indictment
Continuance Motion
Order for Issuance of Notion
Notice of Resetting
Criminal Docket
Order to Report
Motion for Continuance Granted
Amendment to Second Amended Order on Release

Khan, Mohammed Hamzah
Date charged: 10/06/2014
Status: Pleaded guilty
Criminal Complaint
Indictment
Order, 12.16.15
Plea Agreement
Support Supression Motion Memorandum

Kodaimati, Mohamad Saeed
Date charged: 4/23/2015
Status: Pleaded guilty
Charges
Criminal Complaint
Compel Discovery Motions
Notice of Appearance
Opposition to Motions to Compel and File
Findings of Fact and Order of Detention Pending Trial
Judgement

Khweis, Mohamed Jamal
Date charged: 5/11/2016
Status: Pleaded not guilty
Criminal Complaint

Lutchman, Emanuel
Date charged: 12/30/2015
Status: Pending
Criminal Complaint
Letter to Judge Payson 3.09.16
Order, 3.09.16

McCollum, Robert
Date charged: 6/19/2015
Status: Pleaded guilty
Affidavit
Indictment
Continuance Motion
Unopposed Motion for Preparation of a Pre-Plea Presentence Report

McNeil, Terrence
Date charged: 11/12/2015
Status: Pending
Criminal Complaint
Affidavit in Support of Criminal Complaint
General Allegations
Waiver of Detention Hearing and Order
Motion for Pre-Plea Presentence Report

Morgan, Donald Ray
Date charged: 5/27/2014
Status: Pleaded guilty
Factual Basis
Plea Agreement

Mumuni, Fareed
Date charged: 6/17/2015
Status: Pleaded not guilty
Criminal Complaint
Detention Request
Discovery 2.4.16
Discovery 2, 2.4.16
Discovery 2.9.16
Supplemental Discovery
Supplemental Discovery 1.19.16
Supplemental Discovery 1.22.16
Letter to Judge Brodie 2.03.16

Musleh, Akram
Date charged: 6/21/2016
Status: Pending
Criminal Complaint

Musse, Hanad Mustafe
Date charged: 4/18/2015
Status: Pleaded guilty
Criminal Complaint
Order on Pretrial Release
Superseding Indictment

Nagi, Arafat
Date charged: 7/28/2015
Status: Pleaded not guilty
Criminal Complaint

Niknejad, Reza
Date charged: 6/10/2015
Status: At large
Criminal Complaint

Nur, Abdi
Date charged: 11/24/2014
Status: At large
Criminal Complaint

Omar, Guled Ali
Date charged: 4/18/2015
Status: Found guilty by trial
Criminal Complaint
Superseding Indictment
Government's Motion for Inquiry
Order 3.28.16

Pugh, Tairod Nathan Webster
Date charged: 1/16/2015
Status: Found guilty by trial
Appearance of Counsel
Arrest Warrant
Criminal Complaint
Indictment
Memorandum of Law
Notice of Appearance
Request for Reciprocal Discovery
Transcript of Arraignment
Jury Questionnaire
Letter to Prosecution Attorneys
Defendant's Motion In Limine to Preclude the Admission at Trial of Draft Letter to his Spouse
Disclosure of Levitt Testimony
Goverment's Memorandum of Law in Support of Motion in Limine to Admit Certain Evidence Against Defendant

Letter to Judge Garaufis

Qamar, Haris
Date charged: 7/07/2016
Status: Pending
Complaint

Rabbani, Imran
Date charged: 6/15/2015
Status: Pleaded guilty
Consent to Have Plea Taken
Criminal Cause for Pleading
Discovery 1, 2/04/2016
Discovery 2, 2/04/2016
Filing of Opening Brief
Information
Juvenile's Request to Proceed as an Adult

Letter from Levine Sullivan Koch & Schulz, LLP
Memorandum and Order
Order 1, 11/18/2015
Order 2, 11/18/2015
Order Modifying Protective Orders
Order, 3/18/2016
Order, 4/08/2016
Supplemental Discovery, 3/31/2016

Ramic, Jasminka
Date charged: 2/05/2015
Status: Pleaded guilty
Indictment
Courtroom Minute Sheet Sentencing Proceedings
Government's Disclosure of Arguably Suppressible Evidence
Harcevic's Reply to Government's Response to Motion to Dismiss Counts I and III of Indictment
Motion to Dismiss
US Bankruptcy Court Voluntary Petition

Courtroom Minutes Sheet, Arraignment
Courtroom Minutes Sheet, Sentencing Proceedings

Rakhmatov, Azizjon
Date charged: 5/09/2016
Status: Pleaded not guilty
Indictment

Rosic, Nihad
Date charged: 2/05/2015
Status: Pleaded not guilty
Detention Hearing Transcript
Indictment
Government's Disclosure of Arguably Suppressible Evidence
Government's Response in Opposition to Defendants' Motions to Dismiss
Harcevic's Reply to Government's Response to Motion to Dismiss Counts I and III of Indictment
Memorandum of Law in Support of Defendant's Motion to Dismiss
Motion to Dismiss
Order Following Status Conference

Rovinski, Nicholas
Date charged: 6/12/2015
Status: Pleaded not guilty
Affidavit
Supersceding Indictment

Saadeh, Alaa
Date charged: 6/26/2015
Status: Pleaded guilty
Criminal Complaint
Supplemental Discovery
Supplemental Discovery 1.19.16
Supplemental Discovery 1.22.16
Discovery 2.4.16

Saadeh, Nader
Date charged: 8/01/2015
Status: Pleaded guilty
Criminal Complaint
Information
Plea Agreement
Supplemental Discovery
Supplemental Discovery 1.19.16
Supplemental Discovery 1.22.16
Discovery 2.04.16

Saidakhmetov, Akhror
Date charged: 2/24/2015
Status: Pleaded not guilty
Complaint - Affidavit
Superseding Indictment
Discovery 3.16.16

Saleh, Ali
Date charged: 9/16/2015
Status: Pending

Criminal Complaint
Competancy Order
Notice of Intent to Use FISA Information

Saleh, Munther Omar
Date charged: 6/13/2015
Status: Pleaded not guilty
Criminal Complaint
Supplemental Discovery
Supplemental Discovery 1.19.16
Supplemental Discovery 1.22.16
Discovery 2.04.16

Salkicevic, Mediha Medy
Date charged: 2/05/2015
Status: Pleaded not guilty
Arraignment Text
Detention Order
Indictment
Defendant's Memorandum in Support of Motion to Dismiss the Indictment
Government's Disclosure of Arguably Suppressible Evidence
Government's Response in Opposition to Defendants' Motions to Dismiss
Harcevic's Reply to Government's Response to Motion to Dismiss Counts I and III of Indictment
Motion to Dismiss
Order Following Status Conference


Siddiqui, Asia
Date charged: 4/01/2015
Status: Pleaded not guilty
Criminal Complaint - Affidavit
Discovery

Suarez, Harlem
Date charged: 7/27/2015
Status: Pleaded not guilty
Criminal Complaint
Continuance 3.9.16

Sullivan, Justin Nojan
Date charged: 6/22/2015
Status: Pleaded not guilty
Criminal Complaint
Indictment

Teausant, Nicholas
Date charged: 3/17/2015
Status: Pleaded guilty
Criminal Complaint
Indictment

Thomas, Keonna
Date charged: 4/03/2015
Status: Pleaded not guilty
Criminal Complaint
Indictment
Transcript Probable Cause Hearing
Trial Notice
Order 4.01.16

Topaz, Samuel Rahamin
Date charged: 6/18/2015
Status: Pleaded guilty
Criminal Complaint
Plea Agreement

Van Haften, Joshua Ray
Date charged: 10/28/2014
Status: Pending
Criminal Complaint
Evaluation 2.24.16

Velentzas, Noelle
Date charged: 4/01/2015
Status: Pleaded not guilty
Criminal Complaint - Affidavit
Government Discovery

Warsame, Abdirizak
Date charged: 12/09/2015
Status: Pleaded guilty
Criminal Complaint
Order, 3.02.2016

Wehelie, Yusuf
Date charged: 7/7/2016
Status: Pending
Affidavit
Complaint


Wolfe, Michael Todd
Date charged: 6/18/2014
Status: Pleaded guilty
Ammended Judgement
Consent to Guilty Plea
Criminal Complaint
Criminal Information
Indictment Dismissal
Detention Motion
Dismiss Indictment Motion
Plea Order

Wright, David
Date charged: 6/03/2015
Status: Pleaded not guilty
Affidavit
Criminal Complaint
S
uperceding Indictment

Yassin, Safya
Date charged: 2/17/2016
Status: Pending
Criminal Complaint
Indictment Cover Sheet
Indictment
Detention Order
Criminal Case Cover Sheet
Government's Exhibit Index
Motion for a Pretrial Conference
Defendant's Motion to Compel
Government's Consolidate Response
Motion to Revoke or Amend Detention Order
Government's Suggestions in Opposition to Motion to Revoke Detention Order
Protective Order, 3-23-16
Response to Government's Opposition to Rescind Protective Order
Transcript of Hearing on Initial Appearance
Supersceding Indictment

Young, Jaelyn Delshaun

Date charged: 8/08/2015
Status: Pleaded guilty
Criminal Complaint
Criminal Minutes
Exhibit List
Indictment
Notice
Order for Discovery
Plea Agreement
Requesting Intent
Trial Date
Trial Notice
Unopposed Motion to Continue

Young, Nicholas
Date charged: 8/02/2016
Status: Pending
Criminal Complaint, Affidavit in Support of Criminal Complaint

Yusuf, Abdullahi
Date charged: 11/24/2014
Status: Pleaded guilty
Change of Plea Hearing
Criminal Complaint
Procedural History
Memo in Support of Motion to Review
Order Setting Conditions for Release

Zakirov, Akmal
Date charged: 6/08/2015
Status: Pleaded not guilty
Superseding Indictment
Discovery 3.16.16