Preparedness, Response, & Resilience

U.S. policy and practice aspires to an all-hazards approach to preparedness, response, and resilience, so as to anticipate and address outcomes effectively and efficiently, regardless of the source of the threat.  Such an approach to emergency management and homeland security requires a robust and broadly applicable strategy regarding each of preparedness, response, and resilience.  In each of these areas, a key challenge is to align policy and implementation, in an operational environment marked by change.  While there is some overlap between and among the three areas, preparedness refers to the measures adopted in advance of an incident in order to mitigate (if not prevent) it.  Response, in turn, incorporates the steps taken during and immediately after an incident; whereas resilience refers to the ability to recover, reconstitute, and bounce back quickly.  As such, resilience is perhaps the greatest deterrent, irrespective of the specific threat or actor.

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