Congressional Testimonies

Post Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006 Implementation: An Examination of FEMA's Preparedness and Response Mission (PDF)

March 17, 2009

Preparedness at all levels of government prior to an incident is important because any one broken “link” in the response “chain” imperils the national response system. When the system fails, as it did during Hurricane Katrina, the responsibility of managing the incident falls solely to those near the incident site – usually the first responders.

Religious Discrimination and Prisoner's Rights (PDF)

April 08, 2008

Though it is difficult to quantify, the potential for religious radicalization of U.S. prison inmates poses a threat of unknown magnitude to the national security of the United States – a threat that poses serious consequences regardless of its magnitude.

Assessing and Addressing the Threat: Defining the Role of a National Commission on the Prevention of Violent Radicalization and Homegrown Terrorism (PDF)

June 14, 2007

Recent events have only reinforced the importance of studying the phenomenon of radicalization in various contexts -- in prisons, over the Internet, here at home in the United States, and also abroad -- and driven home the sense of urgency that should accompany both examination of and action against radicalization.

The Internet: A Portal to Violent Islamist Extremism (PDF)

May 03, 2007

Savvy use of the Internet has empowered terror networks to expand their reach beyond national borders by enabling wide distribution of a compelling message and social connectivity with new audiences. Cyberspace is now the battlefield and the “war” is one of ideas.

The Homeland Security Implications of Radicalization (PDF)

September 20, 2006

Whether beyond prison walls or inside them, it is essential to better understand the life cycle of a terrorist – specifically, the process by which an individual becomes motivated to listen to radical ideas, read about them, enlist oneself or respond to terrorist recruiting efforts, and ultimately, undertake terrorist activity.

Prisoner Radicalization: Are Terrorist Cells Forming in U.S. Cell Blocks? (PDF)

September 19, 2006

Prison radicalization is, of course, a subset of the more general phenomenon of radicalization that has manifested itself in a series of terrorist attacks and activities including the bombings in Madrid (3/11) and London (7/7), and operations recently uncovered in Canada. The larger terrorist threat is the tapestry against which prisoner radicalization must be studied, but that fabric is ever changing.

Bioterrorism and Pandemic Influenza: Are We Prepared? (PDF)

May 23, 2006

Neither bioterrorism nor pandemic influenza is a challenge for the federal government alone. It is at the state and local level that the rubber will truly meet the road, and it would be folly to try to micromanage these matters from Washington. What federal leaders can and should offer, however, is clear guidance to their partners at the tip of the spear, including hospitals and healthcare providers.

The National Guard and Homeland Defense (PDF)

May 04, 2006

Our collective challenge is to implement a Total Force approach to homeland defense and security – one that effectively marshals and integrates the assets not only of Department of Defense, but the Department of Homeland Security, other federal agencies (such as the Department of Health and Human Services, and the Department of Transportation) and state and local governments as well.

Hurricane Katrina: Recommendations for Reform (PDF)

March 08, 2006

What was primarily a focus on preventing and preparing for terrorism has given way to an equally intense focus on catastrophic natural disasters. While perfectly understandable, this is an unbalanced stance and, therefore, an unstable one. What must be done at this time is to rebalance the scales, and foster a culture of preparedness that is truly all hazards and risk-based in nature.

Preventing Terrorist Attacks on America's Chemical Plants (PDF)

June 15, 2005

We must also not limit ourselves by looking at the chemical industry in isolation—as many of the issues we face in this sector are relevant to protecting critical infrastructure writ large. Homeland security requires a multifaceted strategy to prevent, protect against and respond to 21st century threats.

Combating Terrorism: Developing Effective Strategies Against Terrorism (PDF)

February 03, 2004

We must remember that we do not face a single, geographically anchored enemy but a myriad of threats, smaller in magnitude and harder to see and counter. A successful overall national strategy to combat these ambiguous, amorphous, moving targets must be flexible, comprehensive, and coordinated.

Critical Infrastructure Protection: Who's in Charge? (PDF)

October 04, 2001

Infrastructures have long provided popular terrorist targets: telecommunications, electric power systems, oil and gas, banking and finance, transportation, water supply systems, government services, and emergency services. Destruction or incapacitation of these systems could have a debilitating effect on US national and/or economic security.

The Threat of Bioterrorism and the Spread of Infectious Diseases (PDF)

September 05, 2001

While the likelihood of a catastrophic biological weapon attack on the U.S. homeland remains relatively low in the foreseeable future, the consequences are too high to be ignored. As a general matter, we need to approach this problem holistically. We must strike the proper balance between protecting our citizens and preserving our liberties and must not destroy our way of life in an effort to save it.

Wired World: Cyber Security and the U.S. Economy (PDF)

June 21, 2001

Information technology's impact on society has been profound and touches everyone, whether we examine our economy, our quality of life, or our national security. Along with the clear rewards come new risks and a litany of unintended consequences that need to be better understood and managed by our industry and government leaders.

Combating Terrorism: Options To Improve The Federal Response (PDF)

April 24, 2001

The United States is now at a crossroads. While credit must be given where it is due, the time has come for cold-eyed assessment and evaluation, and the recognition that we do not presently have - but are in genuine need of - a comprehensive strategy for countering the threat of terrorism and the larger challenges of homeland defense.